nursing student

What Do I Need to Consider on My Journey to Becoming a Nurse?

Pursuing a Career in Nursing

If you’re considering a career in nursing, it’s important to understand the reasons why nursing can be a rewarding profession and what factors you should consider before pursuing this path.

Why Choose Nursing as a Career

There are numerous reasons why individuals choose nursing as a career. Here are a few key factors that make nursing an appealing profession:

  1. Opportunity to Make a Difference: Nursing allows you to have a positive impact on the lives of others. As a nurse, you have the opportunity to care for patients, promote their well-being, and make a meaningful difference in their health outcomes.
  2. Job Stability and Demand: The demand for nurses continues to grow, and job opportunities in the field are abundant. Nursing offers a high level of job security, making it a reliable career choice in a constantly evolving healthcare industry.
  3. Variety of Specialties and Settings: Nursing offers a wide range of specialties and diverse work settings. Whether you’re interested in pediatrics, critical care, oncology, or any other area, there is a nursing specialty to suit your interests. Check out their article on nursing specialties for more information.
  4. Continuous Learning and Development: Nursing is a profession that promotes lifelong learning. From staying updated with the latest medical advancements to pursuing continuing education opportunities, nursing provides avenues for professional growth and development.

What to Consider Before Pursuing Nursing

Before embarking on the journey to become a nurse, there are several factors you should consider:

  1. Education and Training: Nursing requires a solid educational foundation. You’ll need to complete a nursing program, which can vary in length and requirements. It’s important to research and understand the different educational paths available, such as obtaining a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN). Each path has its advantages and considerations. 
  2. Personal Commitment: Nursing is a demanding profession that requires dedication and commitment. It involves long hours, including nights, weekends, and holidays. Assess your commitment to the profession and consider how it aligns with your lifestyle and personal goals.
  3. Emotional and Physical Demands: Nursing can be emotionally and physically demanding. It involves caring for individuals who may be experiencing pain, suffering, or emotional distress. Consider whether you have the emotional resilience and physical stamina to handle the challenges that may arise.
  4. Licensing and Certification: Nursing requires obtaining the necessary licenses and certifications to practice legally. Research the specific licensing requirements in your state and familiarize yourself with the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) that you’ll need to pass to become a registered nurse.

By considering these factors, you can gain a better understanding of whether nursing is the right career choice for you. It’s also valuable to explore nursing professional organizations and connect with experienced nurses to gain insights into the profession and its job responsibilities. Remember, nursing is a dynamic and fulfilling profession that requires a genuine passion for caring for others and a commitment to ongoing growth and learning.

Nursing School Requirements

Educational Requirements

To pursue a career in nursing, there are specific educational requirements that aspiring nurses need to meet. These requirements ensure that nursing students have a solid foundation of knowledge and skills necessary for their future profession. The educational requirements for nursing school include a high school diploma or GED, prerequisite courses, and a choice between a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN).

High School Diploma or GED

Obtaining a high school diploma or a General Educational Development (GED) certificate is the first step towards becoming a nurse. This demonstrates that individuals have completed their secondary education and possess the foundational knowledge necessary for further academic pursuits.

Prerequisite Courses

Nursing programs often require students to complete prerequisite courses before admission. These courses cover subjects such as anatomy, physiology, biology, chemistry, and psychology. Prerequisite courses provide a solid understanding of the fundamental concepts that are essential for success in nursing school. It is important to research the specific prerequisites required by the nursing programs you are interested in to ensure that you meet the requirements.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) vs. Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN)

When it comes to choosing a nursing program, aspiring nurses have a choice between pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN). Both options prepare students to become registered nurses, but there are some differences to consider.

A BSN program typically takes four years to complete and offers a comprehensive education that includes a broad range of nursing courses, as well as general education requirements. BSN programs often provide a more in-depth understanding of nursing theory, research, leadership, and community health. Many employers prefer hiring nurses with a BSN degree, as it offers a broader scope of practice and better prepares graduates for advanced nursing roles.

An ADN program, on the other hand, is usually completed in about two to three years. It focuses primarily on nursing coursework and clinical experiences, with fewer general education requirements. ADN programs are often more affordable and provide a quicker path to becoming a registered nurse. However, individuals with an ADN degree may face limited career advancement opportunities compared to those with a BSN degree.

Choosing between a BSN and an ADN program depends on individual circumstances, such as career goals, financial considerations, and personal preferences. It’s important to carefully evaluate the pros and cons of each option and consider the long-term career implications.

Understanding the educational requirements for nursing school is essential for anyone considering a career in nursing. By meeting these requirements, individuals can lay the foundation for their nursing education and begin their journey toward becoming professional nurses.

Licensing and Certification

To practice as a nurse, obtaining the necessary licenses and certifications is a crucial step. This ensures that nurses have the knowledge and skills required to provide safe and effective patient care. In this section, we will discuss the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN), state-specific licensing requirements, and additional certifications and specializations.

National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN)

The NCLEX-RN is a standardized examination that aspiring registered nurses must pass to obtain their nursing license. This exam evaluates the knowledge and competencies necessary to practice safely as an entry-level registered nurse. The NCLEX-RN assesses various areas, including a safe and effective care environment, health promotion and maintenance, psychosocial integrity, and physiological integrity.

To prepare for the NCLEX-RN, nursing students typically complete a nursing program that includes coursework and clinical experiences. It is essential to review and study the nursing content covered in your program, as well as practice with sample questions and NCLEX-RN study materials. Many nursing schools incorporate NCLEX-RN preparation into their curriculum.

State-specific Licensing Requirements

In addition to passing the NCLEX-RN, aspiring nurses must meet state-specific licensing requirements to practice as registered nurses or licensed practical nurses (LPNs). These requirements can vary from state to state, but they typically include submitting an application, providing proof of education, and paying the necessary fees.

It’s important to research the specific licensing requirements of the state where you plan to practice as a nurse. State nursing boards or regulatory bodies can provide detailed information on the application process and any additional requirements or documentation needed. By familiarizing yourself with these requirements, you can ensure a smooth transition from nursing school to your nursing career.

Additional Certifications and Specializations

Once licensed as a registered nurse, you may choose to pursue additional certifications or specializations in specific areas of nursing practice. These certifications can enhance your knowledge, skills, and career opportunities. Some common certifications and specializations include:

Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)Focuses on managing cardiac emergencies
Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS)Focuses on pediatric emergency care
Critical Care Registered Nurse (CCRN)Demonstrates expertise in critical care nursing
Certified Pediatric Nurse (CPN)Specializes in pediatric nursing
Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM)Provides care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum
Certified Nurse Educator (CNE)Prepares nurses for teaching roles

These are just a few examples of the many certifications and specializations available in nursing. The specific certifications and specializations you choose depend on your interests, career goals, and the area of nursing you wish to focus on. 

By fulfilling the licensing requirements and pursuing additional certifications and specializations, you can demonstrate your commitment to professional growth and provide quality care to patients. It’s important to stay updated on the licensing and certification requirements in your state, as well as the continuing education requirements to maintain your nursing license. To learn more about continuing education in nursing, you can refer to their article on nursing continuing education.

Clinical Experience and Practical Training

To prepare for a career in nursing, gaining clinical experience and practical training is an essential component of nursing school requirements. These hands-on experiences provide students with the opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge in real-world healthcare settings. Here are three key aspects of clinical experience and practical training in nursing:

Nursing Clinical Rotations

Nursing clinical rotations are a vital part of nursing education. During these rotations, students work under the supervision of experienced nurses in various healthcare settings, such as hospitals, clinics, or long-term care facilities. Clinical rotations allow students to observe and participate in patient care, enhancing their skills in areas such as medical assessments, medication administration, and patient interaction.

Through clinical rotations, nursing students gain exposure to different specialties and patient populations, which helps them identify their areas of interest. It is an opportunity to experience the realities and challenges of nursing firsthand, building confidence and competence in the clinical setting. 

Nursing Internships and Externships

Nursing internships and externships provide students with additional hands-on experience in a specific healthcare setting. These opportunities allow students to work closely with healthcare professionals, further honing their clinical skills and developing a deeper understanding of the nursing profession.

Internships are typically longer-term commitments, lasting several months or even a year. They provide a more comprehensive experience, allowing students to take on more responsibilities and participate in a wide range of patient care activities. Externships, on the other hand, are shorter in duration, usually lasting a few weeks. They offer students a chance to shadow nurses and gain exposure to different areas of nursing practice.

Nursing internships and externships are valuable for networking, building professional relationships, and potentially securing employment opportunities after graduation. It is advisable to explore opportunities offered by healthcare institutions and nursing schools to find internship and externship programs that align with your interests and goals.

Hands-on Training in Simulation Labs

Simulation labs play a crucial role in nursing education, providing a controlled environment where students can practice their skills and gain confidence before entering the clinical setting. These labs are equipped with medical mannequins and simulation technology that mimic real-life patient scenarios.

In simulation labs, students have the opportunity to develop their critical thinking and problem-solving skills through interactive scenarios. They can practice tasks such as administering medications, performing assessments, and responding to emergencies. Simulation-based learning allows students to make mistakes and learn from them in a safe environment.

The hands-on training in simulation labs helps bridge the gap between theory and practice, ensuring that nursing students are well-prepared for the challenges they will encounter in real patient care settings. It complements clinical rotations and provides an opportunity for students to refine their skills. 

By actively engaging in clinical experience and practical training, nursing students develop essential skills, gain exposure to various healthcare settings, and become well-rounded professionals ready to embark on their nursing careers.

Personal Qualities and Skills

To succeed in the nursing profession, aspiring nurses must possess a range of personal qualities and skills that are essential for providing quality patient care. Here are three key attributes that are highly valued in the nursing field:

Compassion and Empathy

Compassion and empathy are fundamental qualities that nurses should embody. These traits enable nurses to connect with patients on a deeper level, understanding their emotions, fears, and concerns. By showing genuine care and empathy, nurses can provide comfort and support to patients and their families during challenging times.

In the fast-paced healthcare environment, it’s crucial for nurses to approach each patient with kindness and understanding. This not only helps to build trust and rapport but also contributes to a positive patient experience. Nurses who possess compassion and empathy are more likely to create a healing and supportive environment for patients and contribute to their overall well-being.

Critical Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills

Nursing requires the ability to think critically and make sound decisions in complex situations. Nurses often encounter challenging scenarios that require quick thinking and problem-solving skills. They must be able to assess and analyze information, evaluate options, and make informed decisions that prioritize patient safety and well-being.

Critical thinking skills allow nurses to identify potential complications, anticipate patient needs, and provide timely interventions. They must be able to recognize patterns, interpret data, and apply evidence-based practice to deliver optimal care. By continuously refining their critical thinking skills, nurses can enhance their ability to handle diverse patient situations effectively.

Effective Communication and Interpersonal Skills

Effective communication is at the heart of nursing practice. Nurses must be able to communicate, both verbally and non-verbally, with patients, their families, and the healthcare team. Strong interpersonal skills enable nurses to establish trusting relationships, facilitate open dialogue, and promote collaboration with colleagues.

Nurses must be able to actively listen, ask appropriate questions, and provide information in a compassionate and understandable manner. Clear and concise communication helps prevent misunderstandings, ensures patient safety, and fosters a supportive environment. Effective communication skills also extend to documentation, as accurate and thorough documentation is vital for maintaining patient records and promoting continuity of care.

By cultivating these personal qualities and skills, aspiring nurses can enhance their ability to provide exceptional care and contribute to positive patient outcomes. Additionally, nurses can further develop their skills and explore different nursing specialties by participating in continuing education programs and engaging with nursing professional organizations.

Financial Considerations

When considering a career in nursing, it’s important to take into account the financial aspects associated with pursuing a nursing education. Here are some key considerations regarding tuition and fees, scholarships, grants, financial aid, and the cost of living.

Tuition and Fees

Nursing school tuition and fees can vary widely depending on the type of program and the institution. It’s essential to research and compare the costs of different nursing schools to find the one that fits your budget. Keep in mind that tuition may be higher for Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) programs compared to Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) programs. Additionally, private institutions usually have higher tuition rates compared to public universities or colleges.

To get a better understanding of the financial requirements, it’s recommended to visit the websites of the nursing schools you’re interested in. They often provide detailed information about their tuition and fees. You can also reach out to the school’s financial aid office for guidance on potential opportunities for financial assistance.

Scholarships, Grants, and Financial Aid

Scholarships, grants, and financial aid are valuable resources that can help offset the costs of nursing education. Many nursing schools, professional organizations, and healthcare institutions offer scholarships specifically for nursing students. These scholarships are often merit-based or cater to individuals from underrepresented backgrounds. Researching and applying for these opportunities can significantly reduce the financial burden of your education.

In addition to scholarships, federal and state governments provide grants and financial aid programs to eligible students. Completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is a crucial step in determining your eligibility for federal aid programs, including grants and loans. It’s important to explore all available options and consult with the financial aid office at your chosen nursing school for guidance on securing financial assistance.

Cost of Living

When considering nursing school, it’s important to factor in the cost of living in the area where the school is located. The cost of living can vary greatly depending on the city or region, and it’s essential to assess whether you can sustain yourself financially during your nursing education. Expenses to consider include housing, transportation, groceries, healthcare, and other daily necessities.

If you’re considering relocating for nursing school, research the cost of living in the area to have a realistic understanding of the financial demands. It may be helpful to connect with current nursing students or local nursing communities to get insights into the cost of living and potential strategies for managing expenses.

By considering the financial aspects of pursuing a nursing education, you can make informed decisions and create a financial plan that aligns with your goals. Remember to explore scholarship opportunities, grants, and financial aid options to minimize the financial burden. Don’t forget to assess the cost of living to ensure that you have a realistic understanding of the expenses you will encounter during your nursing school journey.

Choosing the Right Nursing Program

When embarking on a career in nursing, choosing the right nursing program is a crucial step toward achieving your goals. It’s essential to consider various factors to ensure you select a program that aligns with your needs and aspirations. Here are some key aspects to consider when choosing a nursing program.

Accreditation and Program Reputation

One of the most important factors to consider is the accreditation and reputation of the nursing program. Accreditation ensures that the program meets the necessary educational standards and prepares you for a career in nursing. Look for programs that are accredited by recognized accrediting bodies such as the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing (ACEN) or the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE). This ensures that the program meets the national standards for nursing education.

Additionally, consider the program’s reputation within the nursing community. Research the program’s track record, the success of its graduates, and any notable achievements. You can also reach out to current students or alumni to gain insights into their experiences and the quality of education provided by the program.

Program Length and Schedule

Nursing programs can vary in length and schedule, so it’s important to choose one that fits your personal circumstances and goals. Some programs offer accelerated options, allowing you to complete your nursing education in a shorter time frame. These programs are often more intensive and may require a full-time commitment.

Consider whether you prefer a traditional four-year Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program or an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) program, which typically takes two to three years to complete. Additionally, evaluate whether the program offers part-time or evening classes, allowing you to balance your education with other commitments.

Support Services and Resources

Being part of a supportive learning environment can greatly enhance your nursing education experience. Look for programs that offer a range of support services and resources to help you succeed. These may include academic advising, tutoring services, career counseling, and access to research facilities.

Consider whether the program provides clinical placement assistance, which can be crucial in securing the necessary hands-on experience during your training. Additionally, inquire about the availability of support systems such as mentoring programs or student organizations that can provide guidance and networking opportunities throughout your nursing journey. 

By carefully considering these factors, you can choose a nursing program that meets your educational needs, aligns with your career goals, and provides the support necessary to succeed in your nursing journey. Remember to conduct thorough research, visit program websites, and reach out to program representatives to gather all the information you need to make an informed decision.


How long does it take to become a nurse?

The time it takes to become a nurse varies depending on the level of education you choose. A licensed practical nurse (LPN) program usually takes around one year, while an associate’s degree in nursing (ADN) typically takes two years. A Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program takes four years, and pursuing advanced degrees such as a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) or a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) can take an additional two to four years.

What are some common misconceptions about nursing?

One common misconception about nursing is that it is a low-paying profession. However, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, registered nurses earn a median annual wage of $75,330 as of May 2020. Another misconception is that nurses only work in hospitals. In reality, nurses can work in various settings such as clinics, schools, and private practices.

Can I pursue a career in nursing if I have a criminal record?

Having a criminal record does not necessarily disqualify you from becoming a nurse. However, certain types of criminal convictions may prevent you from obtaining licensure or employment in the field. It is important to research your state’s laws and regulations regarding criminal records and nursing licensure before making any decisions.

Is there room for advancement in the nursing profession?

Yes, there are many opportunities for advancement in the nursing profession. Nurses can pursue advanced degrees such as an MSN or DNP to become nurse practitioners or clinical nurse specialists. They can also become nurse managers or administrators with experience and additional education. Additionally, there are opportunities for nurses to specialize in different areas such as pediatrics or oncology.


Becoming a nurse can be a rewarding and fulfilling career choice for those who are willing to put in the time and effort required. It is important to consider the education and training required, the skills and qualities needed, job opportunities and salary potential, and work-life balance before making a decision. If you are passionate about helping others and making a difference in people’s lives, then a career in nursing may be the perfect choice for you.


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